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A video game content rating system is a system used for the classification of video games into suitability-related groups. Rating checking and approval is part of the game localization when they are being prepared for their distribution in other countries or locales. A comparison of current video game rating systems, showing age on the horizontal axis. Note however that the specific criteria used in assigning a classification can vary widely from one country to another.
Thus a color code or age range cannot be directly compared from one country to another. In the above table, Italics indicate an international organization rather than a single country. Similar to other forms of media, video games have been the subject of argument between leading professionals and restriction and prohibition.
Often these bouts of criticism come from use of debated topics such as video game graphic violence , virtual sex, violent and gory scenes, partial or full nudity, drug use, portrayal of criminal behavior or other provocative and objectionable material.
Video games have also been studied for links to addiction and aggression. There have been a multitude of studies concretely linking violent video game play with increased aggression. A meta analysis of studies from both eastern and western countries yielded evidence that " There are also groups the have argued to the contrary, that few if any scientifically proven studies exist to back up these claims, and that the video game industry has become an easy target for the media to blame for many modern day problems.
Researchers have also proposed potential positive effects of video games on aspects of social and cognitive development and psychological well-being. The Australian Classification Board CB is a statutory classification body formed by the Australian Government which classifies films , video games and publications for exhibition, sale or hire in Australia since its establishment in The Attorney-General's Department now provides administrative support to the Board.
Pan European Game Information PEGI is a European video game content rating system established to help European parents make informed decisions on buying computer games with logos on games boxes. The PEGI system is now used in more than thirty-one countries and is based on a code of conduct, a set of rules to which every publisher using the PEGI system is contractually committed.
PEGI self-regulation is composed by five age categories and eight content descriptors that advise the suitability and content of a game for a certain age range based on the games content.
It is responsible for the age-ratings of films , television programs and interactive games. Only material intended to be accessible to minors those under 18 years of age is subject to classification before being released to the public; sex films do not need to be classified but they have to be marked clearly with the age limit Films and television programmes are classified by authorized classifiers, trained by the Centre.
The classifiers usually work within the media industry. Entertainment Software Rating Association Persian: Games that cannot be rated are considered illegal and cannot be sold. It was established in July as a branch of Computer Entertainment Supplier's Association , and became an officially recognized non-profit organization in Te Tari Whakaropu Tukuata, Tuhituhinga is the government agency in New Zealand that is responsible for classification of all films , videos , publications , and some video games in New Zealand.
The head of the OFLC is called the Chief Censor, maintaining a title that has described the government officer in charge of censorship in New Zealand since The current ratings are: The Entertainment Software Rating Board ESRB is a self-regulatory organization that assigns age and content ratings, enforces industry-adopted advertising guidelines, and ensures responsible online privacy principles for computer and video games and other entertainment software in Canada , Mexico , and the United States.
The Age classification of information products is a new statutory classification set of rules formed by the Russian Government after enacting in September a Federal Law of Russian Federation no. The Ministry of Culture provides administrative support to the classification.
Media Development Authority Chinese: A governmental organization, the GRB rates video and computer games to inform customers of the nature of game contents. It no longer has responsibility for rating video games in the UK. This role was previously undertaken by the BBFC. The image below presents outdated usage of various video game content rating systems around the world. Countries filled with gradients are using several rating systems.
From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. Department of Justice, Rating, Titles and Qualification. Pan European Game Information. Entertainment Software Rating Association.
Computer Entertainment Rating Organization. Game Software Rating Regulations. British Board of Film Classification. Archived from the original PDF on September 10, Der Spiegel in German. Retrieved 18 March Retrieved 15 November Latin American Integration Association. Archived from the original on October 24, Retrieved September 24, Retrieved 28 January Retrieved January 8, Office of Film and Literature Classification. Retrieved 22 August Retrieved 27 September Taiwan Game Software Rating Information.
Digital Game Rating Committee. Retrieved 19 September An introduction to film studies. Video game classifications and controversies. List of controversial video games List of banned video games List of regionally censored video games Religion and video games Video game content rating system.
Foti Jack Thompson lawsuits Strickland v. Atari video game burial Call of Duty: Retrieved from " https: Video game content ratings systems.
Ratings are required for applications to be released or sold on the App Store. Adopted on 15 October Rating systems are also used for television and motion pictures. No games distributed in Argentina have used this rating yet, as the majority of the games available for sale are imported.
The same rating system is used for television and motion pictures in Brazil. This was adopted in in the United States, most of Canada, and Mexico. Games rated RP Rating Pending do not yet have a rating.
Some games are forbidden. Games with intense violence, strong sexual content or nudity are prohibited. These ratings have been used since March 1, The Z rating is the only rating that is legally restricted. Legal enforcement depends on the jurisdiction. These ratings have been used since 1 September The same rating system is used for television, motion pictures, and publications in Russia.